Read e-book online The Napoleonic Wars (3): The Peninsular War 1807-1814 PDF

By Gregory Fremont-Barnes

ISBN-10: 1841763705

ISBN-13: 9781841763705

Napoleon's career of the Iberian peninsula embroiled him in a chronic and expensive warfare opposed to British, Spanish and Portuguese forces finally led via one among history's maximum commanders -- the Duke of Wellington. but it additionally brought a brand new size to conflict, for Napoleon's 'Spanish ulcer' grew to become a sour seven-year fight opposed to peoples infected through nationalism. hence, whereas Wellington accomplished successive victories in open conflict, a parallel guerrilla battle exacted a heavy toll of its personal at the invaders. No mere sideshow to the opposite campaigns of the interval, the Peninsular conflict made an important contribution to Napoleon's eventual downfall.

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The Napoleonic Wars (3): The Peninsular War 1807-1814 by Gregory Fremont-Barnes PDF

Napoleon's profession of the Iberian peninsula embroiled him in a prolonged and dear struggle opposed to British, Spanish and Portuguese forces finally led by means of certainly one of history's maximum commanders -- the Duke of Wellington. but it additionally brought a brand new measurement to struggle, for Napoleon's 'Spanish ulcer' grew to become a sour seven-year fight opposed to peoples infected by means of nationalism.

Extra info for The Napoleonic Wars (3): The Peninsular War 1807-1814 (Essential Histories, Volume 17)

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00 am 28 July. After an intense bombardment by 53 guns, Ruffin's division of 4,300 again attacks Hill's position on the Medellin; repulsed with heavy losses from musketry by infantry deployed in line. Informal truce of several hours follows. 3. 15 pm. As a diversion for the main attack to be made against the Medellin, Leval assaults Campbell's 4th Division on the Pajar but is repulsed. 4. 30 pm. After a bombardment by 80 guns, Sebastiani and Lapisse launch main thrust, but are repulsed. 5. 40 pm.

The two allied generals agreed to attack together on the 23rd, but when at sunrise Wellesley's forces were ready to open the engagement, the Spanish were nowhere to be seen. Wellesley found their commander three hours later, sleeping soundly. When awakened Cuesta announced that his troops were too tired to attack, and by this off-hand and unaccountable manner a splendid opportunity was thus lost to the allied cause. Wellesley, livid, not least because lack of the promised Spanish supplies had left his troops without adequate food for two days, was powerless to stop Victor from withdrawing, which that marshal did that evening entirely unopposed.

The sick and wounded had to be left behind in the villages through which the army passed or sometimes literally abandoned on the roadside to face inevitable death from hunger or exposure, all for the lack of transport or strength to carry them. The rearguard, the elite Light Brigade, initially under Brigadier-General Robert 'Black Bob' Craufurd (1764-1812) and later MajorGeneral Edward Paget (1775-1849), nonetheless offered a magnificent defense against the French van whenever it made contact, always managing to keep it at bay and allowing the main body to escape.

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The Napoleonic Wars (3): The Peninsular War 1807-1814 (Essential Histories, Volume 17) by Gregory Fremont-Barnes


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