Get Anarchism and Countercultural Politics in Early PDF

By Kirwin R. Shaffer

ISBN-10: 0813027918

ISBN-13: 9780813027913

This is the 1st severe in-depth research of the anarchist flow in Cuba within the 3 a long time after the republic's independence from Spain in 1898. Kirwin Shaffer indicates that anarchists performed a significant--until now little-known--role between Cuban leftists in shaping problems with health and wellbeing, schooling, immigration, the surroundings, and working-class internationalism. additionally they criticized the country of racial politics, cultural practices, and the stipulations of kids and girls at the island.
            within the chaotic new kingdom, individuals of the anarchist circulate interpreted the conflict for Independence and the innovative rules of patriot José Martí from a much left standpoint, embarking on a national debate with the bigger Cuban institution approximately what it intended to be "Cuban." To counter the dominant tradition, the anarchists created their very own projects to assist people--schools, overall healthiness institutes, vegetarian eating places, theater and fiction writing teams, and coffee demands nudism--and therefore they challenged either the prevailing elite and the U.S. army forces that occupied the country.
Shaffer additionally makes a speciality of what anarchists did to arrange the hundreds for a social revolution. whereas a lot of their beliefs flowed from Europe, and specifically from Spain, their courses, criticisms, and literature mirrored the specifics of Cuban truth and appealed to Cuba's renowned periods. utilizing theories on working-class internationalism, countercultures, pop culture, and social routine, Shaffer analyzes archival files, pamphlets, newspapers, and novels, displaying how the anarchist flow in republican Cuba contributed to shaping the country's early leftist progressive agenda.
             Shaffer's portrait of the clash among anarchists and their enemies illuminates the a number of forces that pervaded existence at the island within the twentieth century, till the increase of the Gerardo Machado dictatorship within the Nineteen Twenties. this crucial ebook locations anarchism in its rightful ancient position as an essential present inside Cuban radical political culture. 

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Additional info for Anarchism and Countercultural Politics in Early Twentieth-Century Cuba

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17 Articles in the Spanish anarchist press expressed sadness at seeing sons shipped off to defend the monarchy, while other articles described the poor state of Spanish soldiers on the field. ” Anarchist writers in Spain usually distinguished between what they saw as the futility of “political revolutions” and the vitality of independence wars against imperial rulers. Even a leading Spanish anarchist like Pedro Esteve, who earlier had opposed the war, eventually came to work with other Spanish and Cuban anarchists in Florida and New York in support of Cuba’s anticolonial struggle.

22 This is not to say, however, that subaltern groups, including countercultural movements, are completely separated from the hegemonic culture. Although they may reject its core values and beliefs, their engagement with the hegemonic culture is central to their group identity. “The confrontation of culture and counterculture is a vital aspect of the process of social evolution. 23 As a result, a counterculture derives from one segment of the larger society and is influenced by the larger society.

By stressing a class identity removed from racial considerations, labor leaders helped to bring “class” into the forefront of Cuban politics. 6 Kapcia’s categories help to break down and identify the interest groups that competed to define cubanidad and shape Cuban culture. Unfortunately, Kapcia does not include anarchists in his definition of cubanía rebelde. 7 Yet, he does not include anarchists in the postindependence struggles under the cubanía rebelde label. This omission is understandable when one considers his definition for the label because anarchists rejected participation in formal politics.

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Anarchism and Countercultural Politics in Early Twentieth-Century Cuba by Kirwin R. Shaffer

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