By Charles B. Cushman
What does Congress do? How does it do it? Why is it this kind of complex establishment? This concise primer bargains scholars and common readers a short and systematic advent to Congress and the position it performs within the US political method. Drawing on his adventure as a former Congressional employees member, the writer explores the several political natures of the home and Senate, examines Congress's interplay with different branches of the government, and appears forward to the family and overseas demanding situations which are prone to force the Congressional schedule for many years to come back. The publication presents revealing insights into the sometimes-contradictory Congressional tasks of illustration and lawmaking; oversight and appropriation; and coping with and organizing the govt.. It incorporates a case research (on the formation of the dept of fatherland safety) that sheds mild on Congress's often-complicated techniques. The publication additionally comprises boxed positive factors on Congressional motion - highlighting such issues as dossier sharing and pupil loans - that express scholars how Congress's paintings impacts their lives. Chapter-ending lists of internet assets upload to the book's usefulness.
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Extra info for An Introduction to the U.s. Congress
The Framers designed the Senate to reflect the principle of equality—after all, each of the states had taken an equal risk in declaring independence, and each had an equal stake in the success of the new government. So each state would have two senators, giving all the states an equal voice in the affairs of the Senate. In addition, the Framers wanted the Senate to react differently than the House to political problems. Unlike the House, senators would serve long terms, and only one-third of them would face election67 at a time.
By the end of the first section of the book, you should understand the different political natures of the House and the Senate and see why it is so difficult for the two chambers to cooperate. The second section of the book concerns Congress and its interaction with the rest of the federal government. Congress does look to the courts for action, but the bulk of its energy goes to monitoring the federal agencies, rather than the courts, so we will focus on the Congress-agencies relationship. Once Congress enacts a law declaring national policy on some issue, it must enforce that decision somehow, although Congress cannot actually “do” anything: it must rely on the executive branch to effect its decisions.
60 Faced with this deep fear, the Framers decided to create a complicated government, not an efficient government. They sought to spread power all around the government, rather than collecting it in one place. They thus sought to use the powers of each part of the government to limit the other sections of the government; as Hamilton or Madison wrote in Federalist No. ”61 ORIGINS AND EVOLUTION OF THE CONGRESSIONAL SYSTEM 35 The first innovation that the Framers introduced was the concept of federalism, or a system of government on several levels.
An Introduction to the U.s. Congress by Charles B. Cushman