By Alan D Martin; Samuel A Harbison

ISBN-10: 0340885432

ISBN-13: 9780340885437

An creation to Radiation defense is an available account of the character of the risks awarded via ionizing radiation and the equipment of security, for these new to the sphere and for the non-specialist.

This e-book takes the reader throughout the normal history to the topic, the technical rules underlying the keep watch over of radiation dangers, the organic results of radiation, and radiation detection and dimension. those are through a attention of extra really good subject matters together with radiation security in drugs and within the nuclear strength undefined, radioactive waste administration and radiological emergencies

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**Extra resources for An introduction to radiation protection**

**Example text**

Reproduction of cells occurs in two ways, known as mitosis and meiosis. The mitotic cells are the ordinary cells in the body and in mitosis the chromosomes duplicate by splitting lengthways. The original cell then divides into two new cells, each identical to the original cell. Meiosis is a special kind of division which occurs during the formation of the sexual reproduction cells, namely the sperm in the male and the ovum in the female. It occurs only once in the cell’s life-cycle and only in the reproductive cells.

30 BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF RADIATION Cells are able to reproduce to compensate for cells that die. The life of different types of human cell, and hence the rate of reproduction, varies from a few hours to many years. Reproduction of cells occurs in two ways, known as mitosis and meiosis. The mitotic cells are the ordinary cells in the body and in mitosis the chromosomes duplicate by splitting lengthways. The original cell then divides into two new cells, each identical to the original cell. Meiosis is a special kind of division which occurs during the formation of the sexual reproduction cells, namely the sperm in the male and the ovum in the female.

The concept is best illustrated by a practical example. Consider a point source which emits neutrons at the rate of Q per second (Fig. 3). The flux at distance r is the number of neutrons passing through an area of 1 m2 per second. Since the neutrons are being emitted uniformly in all directions, the flux at distance r is the number of neutrons emitted per second divided by the area of the sphere of radius r. 3 Flux from a point source. Note that if r is doubled, r2 increases fourfold and ⌽ reduces by four times.

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